History Lecture Script

Posted on March 10, 2009

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Download MP3 file here. (I’ve compressed it)

Listen to a part of the talk in a History Class.

Okay, uh, so, last time when we were talking about the expansion of the railroad in the 19th century uh, why it was so important in the development of the Southwestern in United State.

Uh, we talk about a couple of things… Uh, the railroad brought about land speculation and development of land for timbering and farming in, well, this is what I want to talk today, uh, the railroad brought tourists. They traveled by train… viewing the landscape and uh, came together to taste what the Wild West was like.

In the past, 100 years a whole tourist of industry is growing up around these ideas and just like ranching or gold mining. It helps to integrate the southwest into the economy of the rest of the country. Uh, Tourism helped the integrate of the culture or life in the Southwest in, well, well, kind of into the mind of the rest of the country.

And a large scale of tourism couldn’t happen without the expansion of the railroad.

So, the railroad brought tourists and tourists brought some changes. Well, I think it is really interesting, uh, the thing about the tourism that you should know first, and this has been determined by the socialites, and socialites say that tourists look forward the familiar, most tourists don’t go to some places looking for new things. They go looking for things they already know something about.

Eh, tourists will have some sense of the culture of the place maybe based on the stereotype or generalization, but, oh, but, that’s what they expect to see. And places that deal with tourism create things knowing this.

They create what the tourist will looking for, and take the Grand Canyon railway.

Any of you have been on it?

Well, uh, this is the train that takes tourists to the Grand Canyon and while you’re on the train you’ll see fake shootouts and gunfights.

Now, the railroad running to the Grand Canyon was never actually rowed.

But, tourists have this idea that this is what things were like in the Wild West.

You know… Gunfights, and train robberies, and the tourist’s railway want to make them happy.

There is a great terms for this is called stage authenticity. In other word, people go to the Grand Canyon to see this fantastic natural landscape. But they also want to get a sense of what it was like there during the real Wild West.

Well, the railway knows this so they try to recreate some of that cultural history. And, oh, and we also see this at the Grand Canyon with the creation of Hopi House.

Have any of you ever visited Hopi House?

+ I went there last year.

Oh, could you tell the class what it was like?

+ Yeah. It’s a kind of a big gift shop.

Well, they sell traditional crafts, jewelry, potteries, stuff like that.

And supposedly it’s really made by Hopi people, the people who lived there.

Anything else? What about the architecture?

+ All right. It’s an unusual building. It’s supposed to look like real Hopi building, I think.

Good. I noticed the same thing. Now I’m not saying Hopi houses is a fraud, uh, the stuff they sell is really is made by Hopi artist, but, it still an example of stage authenticity.

Something I bet you didn’t know, the Hopis never actually live in the end or even near, the Grand Canyon.

There was another Native American people who lived in the Canyon known as the Hafasupi. But the tourist company that ran the place, it was called the Harvey Company, decided to hire the Hopi, instead of the Hafasupi.

Can anyone guess why?

* Were the Hopi a better artist? I mean did they make better things?

Not really. The way I understand it, the people of the Harvey Company were very good at making money and they figured that they, Hopi people and the Hopi craft would sold better to the tourists.

So, they built Hopi House and hired the Hopi People to work there.

One of those people, I think, that’s Hopi Potter, was hired by the Harvey Company, and She worked to rebuilt or a kind of restructured the Hopi Pottery.

It’s not sure whether this was her own doing or whether she was instructed to do this but,

Archeologists working at ancient site in the Southwest uncovered pottery and she started copying the same style.

And, well, there are some debates about that; whether, whether it was her own idea or she was told to do it.

Either way, before you know it Hopi Pottery was changing.

It’s another case of the contradictions of stage authenticity.

Certainly, the Hopi Pottery buy there is real, I mean, I mean, it doesn’t represent the Pottery of the Southwest.

But, the Hopi People are not the traditional inhabit inside the Canyon, and they are get affected by tourist market,

The, the Harvey Company basically changed history to make money.

Dita Surya Kartika

C0308031

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