Cultural Relativism and Populist

Posted on August 7, 2012


Cultural Relativism

             Cultural Relativism is a term used by antropologists to define one of the methodologies to understand a specific culture. According to the anthropologists, the culture should be studied “scientifically” from a neutral point of view (Glazer, 1996). The urge to have a neutral point of view is that a particular culture could be understood separately from other cultures. In this way, the attribute of the culture can be recognized as is, not as if it is compared to the others. Thus, the analyst can determine the uniqueness of the culture.

            The history behind the term is the rejection of comparative cultural studies. The value given by a culture is different from the other culture. For example, good or bad should be judged through their relevance of given culture (Glazer, 1996). The Cultural Relativism contributes a methodology with less etnocentric bias in the analysis.


            Glazer, M. (1996). Cultural Relativism.

cultural_relativism.htm (acessed at 12.02).

            Traube, E. (1996). “The Popular” in American Culture. Annu. Rev. Anthropol. 1996. 25:127-51.


             Populist is a group of people who represent the workingmen and the poors. Because popular culture influences people at many income levels, populist here supports the civil and social rights of the workingmen and the poors. It is believed that populist can be the liberal (right) and socialist. The role of populist in society is as an opposant to the governtment policy. The populist influences “the people” (the workingmen and the poors) to think that the political enemy is an absolute Other (Traube, 1996). The populist has a party to accommodate the movement but it is not strong enough to battle the authority because it never really gained the power or control of the two parties.


            Traube, E. (1996). “The Popular” in American Culture. Annu. Rev. Anthropol. 1996. 25:127-51. (acessed 12:50)

Posted in: essay